EU urges Ankara to probe illegal vote claims

Turkey could hold a referendum on its long-stalled EU membership bid, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said on Monday. He also stated that the European Union had been violating its commitments for 54 years. The Sunday referendum in Turkey may worsen the difficult Turkish-EU relations, considering Brussels’ attitude to its results. BBC reports in its article Turkey referendum: EU urges Ankara to probe illegal vote claims that the European Commission has called on Turkey to launch a "transparent investigation" into allegations of irregularities during the referendum giving the president sweeping powers. Turkey should "consider the next steps very carefully", an EU spokesman said. European leaders have expressed concern that the result - 51.4% in favour of the changes - has split Turkey. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has rejected criticism by international election observers. The main opposition party has launched an appeal to invalidate the result.

The changes - due to be introduced before presidential and parliamentary elections in November 2019 - will turn Turkey into a presidential republic similar to the US and France. This could enable President Erdogan to stay in power until 2029.

Why are international monitors concerned?

Despite saying that the voting day was "well administered", the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe criticised the referendum campaign, saying:

1. It was an "unlevel playing field" and the two sides of the campaign "did not have equal opportunities"

2. It was unbalanced due to the active involvement of the president and several senior officials

3. It was tarnished by a number of officials equating No supporters with terrorist sympathisers

4. State resources were misused

5. Under the state of emergency, essential fundamental freedoms were curtailed

6. Despite some measures, the legal framework remained inadequate for a genuinely democratic referendum.

The Council of Europe - which also monitored the poll - said the vote "did not live up" its standards. The monitors also criticised a late change by electoral officials that allowed voting papers without official stamps to be counted. But the head of Turkey's electoral body said a similar procedure had been used in past elections. The Turkish Bar Association described the move as "illegal". And Austrian MP Alev Korun - one of the Council of Europe observers - said "there is a suspicion that up to 2.5 million votes could have been manipulated" - which would have changed the result. She offered no evidence.

What did the president say about the result?

Mr Erdogan told supporters on Monday that Turkey did not "see, hear or acknowledge the politically motivated reports" of the monitors. The result, he said, ended the debate on changing the constitution and creating an executive presidency, adding that the process of implementing the reforms would now begin. His prime minister - whose post is being abolished under the changes - said "rumours of irregularities" were an effort to cast a shadow over the result. Mr Erdogan also said the country could hold a referendum on its long-stalled EU membership bid. Additionally, Mr Erdogan said he would approve the death penalty if it was supported in a referendum or a bill was submitted to him through parliament. This would end Turkey's EU negotiations.

What have European leaders said?

German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned that the "tight referendum result shows how deeply divided Turkish society is and that means a big responsibility for the Turkish leadership and for President Erdogan personally". In their statement on Sunday, top European Commission leaders issued a similar call. In addition to calling for transparent investigations of complaints, Commission spokesman Margaritas Schinas also urged "all actors to show restraint" in his statement on Tuesday. Other European leaders have expressed concern about the possibility of the return of capital punishment. Austrian Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz went further. He said the referendum result was a "clear signal against the European Union". The "fiction" of Turkey's bid to join the bloc must be ended, Mr Kurz said. In contrast with European leaders, US President Donald Trump has congratulated the Turkish president, hours after the US state department mentioned concerns by international observers and urged Turkey to respect the rights of its citizens - chiming with sentiment in European capitals.

What do the constitutional changes include?

1. The president will have a five-year tenure, for a maximum of two terms

2. The president will be able to directly appoint top public officials, including ministers and one or several vice-presidents

3. The job of prime minister will be scrapped

4. The president will have power to intervene in the judiciary, which Mr Erdogan has accused of being influenced by Fethullah Gulen

5. The president will decide whether or not to impose a state of emergency

2135 views


More Turkey News

Criminal complaint lodged over researcher inciting Erdogan#039s assassination

Criminal complaint lodged over researcher inciting Erdogan's assassination

Following a criminal complaint by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Ankara prosecutors have launched a probe into a former French diplomat for "calling for the assassination of the president," according to …

Isik: Putin and Erdogan may discuss contract on S-400 missile systems

Isik: Putin and Erdogan may discuss contract on S-400 missile systems

Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan are expected to discuss a contract on buying S-400 missile systems in Sochi on May 3, Turkey’s Defense Minister Fikri …

Erdogan hands over seat to fourth grader for Children’s Day

Erdogan hands over seat to fourth grader for Children’s Day

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has transferred his seat to fourth grade student Yigit Türk in honor of April 23 National Sovereignty and Children's Day. When the 10-year-old President was asked whether …

Cavusoglu to arrive in Uzbekistan on April 25

Cavusoglu to arrive in Uzbekistan on April 25

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu will pay an official visit to Uzbekistan on April 25, the press service of the Uzbek Foreign Ministry said. It is expected that  the Turkish Foreign Minister will be …

Turkey extends visa-free travel for Russians to 90 days

Turkey extends visa-free travel for Russians to 90 days

Turkey has extended the maximum stay for Russian citizens from 60 days to 90 days, the Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said in Alanya. "The Russians can now be in Turkey without a visa for 90 …

Turkish consulate in Thessaloniki attacked with Molotov cocktails

Turkish consulate in Thessaloniki attacked with Molotov cocktails

A group of masked assailants attacked the Turkish consulate in Greece's Thessaloniki with Molotov cocktails early Sunday, Daily Sabah reported citing Doğan News Agency. The group threw two Molotov cocktails at the consulate's …

Making U.S.-Turkey relations great again?

Making U.S.-Turkey relations great again?

Relations between Turkey and the United States have always been dynamic and reflective of the historical moment in time

Muslim televangelist who urged to replace chess with praying acquitted in Istanbul

Muslim televangelist who urged to replace chess with praying acquitted in Istanbul

The Istanbul Public Prosecutor’s Office ruled against trying a Muslim televangelist who said “playing chess is more sinful than gambling,” Anadolu Agency reported. Plaintiff Mücahit Bayraktar had applied to the …

Two Turkish soldiers killed in Sirnak in clash with PPK

Two Turkish soldiers killed in Sirnak in clash with PPK

Turkish soldiers clashed with Kurdish militants in a rural area of southeast Turkey near the Iraqi border on Friday morning, the armed forces said. The firefight occurred around 9.30 am (0630 GMT) in the Uludere district of Sirnak …

Ankara reveals date of Erdogan#039s visit to Russia

Ankara reveals date of Erdogan's visit to Russia

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan plans to visit Russia on May 3, the Turkish president’s office said. "This trip has been scheduled. Our president plans to visit Russia on May 3 and hold talks with Mr. …

more Turkey News