Adyghe: forty generals

Adyghe: forty generals

The Adyghe are among those peoples that went through a long process of historical development and are an integral part of the historical processes taking place in the Caucasus. One of the key event for the Adyghe historical consciousness was the Caucasian war and its consequences - forced relocation of most of the people to other countries, which basically resulted in a collapse of the traditional Adyghe world.

Recently there was an attempt to politicize history of the Adyghe people, especially tragic pages of the Caucasian War's final stage in the western part of the North Caucasus and emigration. This period of the Adyghe history became an object of political speculations and myths before the Olympics in Sochi, but now this wave calmed down. Today it's often mentioned that representatives of the Adyghe ethnic group made an invaluable contribution to the protection, formation and development of the Russian state, involvement of the North Caucasus in the civilizational Russian and world space. The Adyghe people, together with representatives of many other ethnic groups and peoples, have protected the interests of Russia in various wars for centuries.

Their entire way of life was connected to military life. They are adhering to knightly code of honor and have always waged an open war. The Adyghe soldiers held high positions in the military hierarchy of Turkey, Syria, Jordan.

adygi.ru website lists names of the most famous Adyghe generals, who became famous abroad.

1. Bagh Auad - General of the Syrian army;
2. Barasbaye Amin - General of the Syrian army;
3. Hizmet Hapisht Muhamed-Ali - Syrian statesman from the Stae family, General of Internal Troops, Chief of the Syrian police;
4. Mirza-Bey Uasfi Kumuk (1864-1932) - General of the Transjordan Emirate, was the first adviser and friend of Emir Abdullah;
5. Foaz Mager Birmamit - General, headed the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Jordan in 1961-1963;
6. Izzet Kandur - General, headed the Security Department of Jordan in 1964-1970;
7. Muhammed Idris - General, commander of the General Staff of Jordan in 1976-1978, king's secretary for military affairs in 1979-1981;
8. Anuar Muhammed Ismail Gutoko - General, commander of the Royal Guard of Jordan in 1964-1969, chairman of the Public Security Department in 1971-1976;
9. Ibrahim Osman - General, commander of the Air Force of Jordan in 1956-1962;
10. Muhammed Ali Amin - head of the Security Department of Jordan in 1981-1984;
11. Ihsan Shurdum - General of the Air Force of Jordan;
12. Tahsin Shurdum - General, commander of the Border Troops of Jordan;
13. Jalal Hutat - General, Chief of the Financial Service of the Armed Forces of Jordan;
14. Mehmet Zeki-pasha Berzek - Marshal of the Turkish Army, created cavalry regiments in Eastern Anatolia.
15. Osman Nuri-pasha - Turkish Marshal and Minister of War.
16. Muratcheri Tlehas - Major-General;
17. Sultancheri Klis - Major-General;
18. Osman Ferid-pasha Shkhapli Bereketuko - Field Marshal;
19. Ismail Berkok - General of the Ottoman Empire;
20. Osman Fevzi-pasha - Marshal of the Ottoman Empire;
21. Ahmed-pasha Abuk - General of the Cavalry, Minister of War, Minister of Public Works, Ataturk's opponent;
22. Fuad-pasha Thugo - General of the Ottoman Empire;
23. Ahmed Riza-pasha - General of the Ottoman Empire;
24. Lauh Ahmed-pasha - General of the Ottoman Empire;
25. Mehmed Said-pasha - General of the Ottoman Empire;
26. Ali Said-pasha - General of the Ottoman Empire;
27. Hussein Daim-pasha - General of the Ottoman Empire;
28. Yusuf-pasha Naguch - General, Police Minister;
29. Nazim-pasha - General of the Ottoman Empire;
30. Ali Fouad-pasha - General of the Ottoman Empire;
31. Kemaleddin Sami-pasha - General, commander of the Caucasian cavalry division;
32. Mehmed Abdullah-pasha - Marshal of the Ottoman Empire;
33. Anzaur Anchok - General of the Ottoman Empire;
34. Hussein-pasha Cherkes - General, was a commander of the navy and Vizier;
35. Fevzi Ahmed-pasha - was a commander of the guards of Sultan Mahmud II (1808-1839);
36. Kazim-pasha - General of the Ottoman Empire;
37. Shukri-pasha - General of the Ottoman Empire;
38. Izzet Jenatuko-pasha - General of the Ottoman Empire;
39. Abdullah-pasha - General of the Ottoman Empire;
40. Yussuf Izzet-pasha - General of the Ottoman Empire.

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