Chat for heroes
Internet chat messengers are relatively new and very interesting. Different people exchange completely different information in the virtual space. What do historians write about in such groups? About history and about personal! Vestnik Kavkaza searched through chat history of graduates of the history department of the Moscow State University of 1988 and found out that one of the most pressing topics for them is memory of their grandfathers - participants in the war.
Nadezhda Gromova shares memories of her father, who was four years old in 1942: "Leaving the barriers, our troops retreated to the Caucasus. Along the way, columns of Red Army walked in gray dust and didn't have time to stop at rare wells in the steppe. Farm women, carrying water from single well with fresh water, ran with buckets along the columns, fed their “little boys.” But the stream of soldiers dried up. There was a barrier that was supposed to hinder Germans. I remember continuous roar, walls of the trenches were shaking and crumbling. Then there was a strong explosion. A soldier’s boot with a foot still in it flew past me, and I lost consciousness. I woke up on the parapet in the trenches. Doctirs pulled me up. Above the farm, there was a sea of fire, roofs of the huts were burning. At the corner of our barn there were captive gunners. Germans shoot at them, and then soldiers fell into a freshly dug pit. Next to me there was a soldier with his leg torn off. The smell of blood and burnt flesh turned me inside out. There were so many tanks around, black tanks. "
Famous television and radio host Gia Sralidze shares a photo of his grandfather Nikolai Saralidze, who died in the fall of 1941.
Irina Soboleva writes: “I often think - the war was so close to us, kids. After all, only 20 years passed after it ended. My grandfather Ivanov Alexei Ilyich fought, I loved him so much, he was like a father to me when I was a child. I started with the Finnish war, then Velika Patriotic - defense of Leningrad, Kursk Doug, heavy concussion, liberation of Prague. Zapolit regiment. He was laconic, rare meager memories, in particular of the Kursk battle, as a friend kills him after the explosion and his grandfather lay under the blunt of a day. -t about the Czech ran for the tank and gave my grandfather a pocket watch. As a gift. They are still kept by me. "
Rashid Ismailov also shares a photo and writes: “This is my grandfather. Allahverdiyev Manerram Dursunovich. He served urgently when Western Ukraine and Western Belarus were included in the USSR. Then there was the 62nd army commanded by Vasily Chuikov. Forced the Dnieper. Liberated Odessa. Under Pod. Koenigsberg was wounded. He lost an eye. He came back full of shrapnel. A bright memory to our grandfathers. And to everyone who survived and did not live. "
Marina Savvaitova says: “My grandfather Savvaitov Sergey Alexandrovich was born in Odessa in 1907. He was a military therapist and colonel of the medical service. He served 48 years in the Red and Soviet Army. Honored Doctor of the Latvian SSR. He was awarded a medal for military awards "and the Order of the Red Star". I met the war in Riga in 1941, where I was responsible for evacuating the hospital. I sent to the last trainloads of wounded until the Germans approached Riga, and there were detachments of saboteurs in the hospital. Among the latter, he was evacuated with a hospital in Tver, where he was again responsible for evacuating the wounded and forming echelons. He left the burning Tver, when the Germans were already entering it. For courage he was awarded the medal "For the Defense of Moscow". He went through the whole war with hospitals: Smolensk evacuation hospital in Sverdlovsk, then Smolensk, Minsk, where he ended the war as Chief Physician of the Belarusian-Lithuanian. After the war, service continued in the Baltic IN in Riga until 1953. He died in Riga in May 1983."
And Marina Krupskaya (Chukarina) remembered Victory Day: “Grandma and I always went to the parade in Alma-Ata, lived two blocks from the square. Then everybody blocked off trucks, but the soldiers always missed us, my childhood memory came back, and around the company and beautiful cheerful women in bright colored dresses, gold medals are on them, sparkling and ringing like bells, women laughing, playing harmonists, often jackets for men on their shoulders, also with medals and a feeling of celebration and spring!
My father’s grandfather Fyodor Zakharovich Chukarin is a front-line soldier: Stalingrad, a wound, Sevastopol, a severe wound to the head, an eye was crippled. Lived a long, long life, seven children. There were awards, but I do not know which ones. Grandfather on mother Helikonov Sergey Sergeevich. Formally, the head of radio communications at a civil airport in Almaty, in fact, a reconnaissance pilot. High-altitude flights to the rear of the enemy. He died after the war, but early - the heart, after flying the blood came from the ears. Granny Helikonova Tamara Petrovna worked in the rear. They adopted and raised three adopted children from Leningrad. Both were awarded medals "For Valiant Labor during the Great Patriotic War".
Elena Zenina writes: “My grandfather Zenin Philip Fedorovich went missing in February 1942 ... And Zenin Ivan Filipovich (with one“ n ”his middle name was recorded) - junior sergeant, medical instructor of the company of machine gunners of the 216 rifle regiment of the Elnen-Kovel division. 19.07 .1944 was awarded the medal "For Courage" for the fact that he carried out from the battlefield 16 wounded soldiers and officers. He had the Order of the Patriotic War, II degree ".
“My grandfather Sergey Komov went through the war from Stalingrad, where he was wounded, to Berlin. Participated in the liberation of Kiev, forced the Dnieper. He told how they stood in October in the icy water of the Dnieper. Already after the war, he became an honorary citizen of Kiev. front, Voronezh, 1st Ukrainian and 2nd Belorussian fronts. Awarded the Order of the Red Star, medal “For Courage.” As part of the troops of the 2nd Belorussian front liberated the Polish city of Modlin. I am very sorry that I did not ask much about my grandfather but i remember that about the stories were life-affirming. In his military ID recorded "mortar and gunner 100-mm PT (anti-tank) gun". Infantry. Okudzhava has a song about infantry: "Do not believe the weather, when it rains for a long time, Do not believe the infantry when she sings brave songs, "writes Natalya Shpagina.
About the cavalier of the Order of the Red Star and the Order of Glory Umud Dadash-ogly Aliyev is remembered by his grandson, associate professor of the Faculty of History of Moscow State University. Lomonosov Ismail Agakishiyev: “In the Caucasus, especially in the highland villages, there is still an institution of authoritative people — aksakals. or even the whole of Azerbaijan. It was not limited to the USSR. Grandfather was a warrior of the world. He had to stand up for the homeland in the first months of the war. Umud Dadash-oglu oevat with the fascist invaders on the territory of the Soviet Union, and he, like all Soviet soldiers, was destined to free Europe from the "brown plague." Berlin, and was honored to stand in the guard of honor at the Potsdam Conference.
Umud Aliyev belongs to the generation of winners. He had something that cannot be bought for money - he fulfilled his sacred duty as a warrior, a man, a kisha. All his life he kept his head high. In peacetime, occupying various party and economic positions, he performed his work with a sense of sacred duty and remained a crystal clear person, never claimed what he had not earned, helped people without leaving anyone in trouble. Grandfather Umud dreamed that peace would prevail in the Caucasus, but did not live to see this day.
My other grandfather, Kurban Agakishiyev, was captured, fled, and fought in the ranks of partisans in France. After the war he lived in Donetsk, became the head of the mine there. He married a Russian. They had three sons Vidadi, Azer and Raj - his grandfather liked Bill "Borodyag" with Raj Kapoor. They all graduated from school with a gold medal. My brother, pilot Azer Agakishiyev died in Afghanistan. He could eject from a padded helicopter. “Agakishiev, jump!”, - commanded him from the ground. But he replied: "Our guys are in the helicopter, but they have no parachutes! I can’t live with such a load!" These were his last words. Azer was posthumously awarded the Order of the Red Star. After the death of his brother Raj also went to study as a pilot, became the successor of the tradition. "
"Both of my grandfathers (from left to right) Troyanovsky Alexander Alexandrovich (1922-2000), Konyakhin Vasily Filippovich (1916-2000) returned alive, albeit after serious wounds. All the time they carried the iron of war. They left in one year, lived a great labor life life. Troyanovsky’s grandfather has a trophy clock on his hand. The photo was taken in 1943 in the Caucasus. The inscription on the back is mother’s dedication ", writes Oksana Kovaleva.
"I read, peer into faces and shed tears. I am overwhelmed with pride, and grief, and happiness because I had the honor of meeting such people — immortal heroes! Thank you, all soldiers — a low bow, eternal memory to the fallen!" - write community members.