The more children you have, the earlier you can retire?
For the second reading in the Russian State Duma, amendments to the draft law on raising the retirement age can be proposed that mitigate the conditions for women's retirement - women will be able to retire at 60 instead of proposed 63. However, Labor and Social Protection Deputy Minister Andrey Pudov said that mitigating the parameters of raising the retirement age will not allow to increase pensions by a thousand rubles per year, that is, it will not allow providing voiced parameters for the growth of pensions in the future.
Meanwhile, the Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation will propose to the State Duma its recommendations on the implementation of the pension reform, one of which is to reduce the retirement age of parents for each child in the family.
Deputy chairman of the Civic Chamber's Commission for Family, Maternity and Childhood Support Sergey Rybalchenko said that raising the retirement age jeopardizes the implementation of several priority national development projects, in particular, reducing poverty twice: "Even a simple mechanical calculation shows that if a person will retire five years later, then with an average pension of 14 thousand rubles, potentially he will lose income if continues working: a man will lose more than 800 thousand rubles in five years, a woman - more than 1 million 300 thousand rubles in 8 years. This is a very serious amount of money. We do not offer a substitute to a person. This is not a violation of the principle of social justice. When we promise to increase pensions by about a thousand rubles, according to the government, we forget about those people who continue working. Although it would be fair to introduce new requirements of the pension system in relation to these people."
According to Rybalchenko, the pension system is based on the principles of solidarity of generations, when children pay for their parents: "We enter the period of the so-called demographic pitfall, when a generation of young people is not able to completely replace the older generation that retires, therefore, an expansion of the working population is required. But in this case, we forget about other principles of the formation of a fair pension system and its sustainability, namely, about children. How can we note contributions from parents to a sustainable pension system? Sustainability is characterized by the number of children born and brought up. The Commission on Family, Maternity and Child Support suggested that the issue should be considered not only as part of raising the retirement age, but also according to the principles of equity with respect to the contribution made by families to the sustainability of the pension system, to childbirth, and child rearing. It is necessary to provide a differentiated reduction in the retirement age, depending on the number of children raised by a woman and a man. We suggest reducing the retirement age by one year for the first child, by two more years for the second child, by three more years - for the third child, and so on."
Sergey Rybalchenko urged to think seriously about the contingent that forms the stability of the pension system: "All funds - the Pension Fund, the Social Insurance Fund and the Mandatory Health Insurance Fund - are vitally interested in keeping the working male population as a potential for the sustainability of these funds. We should think about reducing those risks that will be associated with raising the retirement age."