Dagestani national costume

Dagestani national costume

I met the teacher of the Design Faculty of the Dagestani State Pedagogical University, Razita Gadzhikhanova, in Pyatigorsk, at the youth camp "Mashuk-2010". On the Day of the Dagestani Republic, Razita Gadzhievna organized a small tour of the exposition, where the best works of ceramics, weaving and jewelry were exhibited. All the nations of Dagestan demonstrated their national costumes here.

"There are 72 ethnic groups in Dagestan. Each group has its own historically developed costume. The biggest group is the Avars, then the Kumyks, Laks and Lezghins. All these nations have a similar male costume to the other nations of the Caucasus. The men wore a Circassian coat and beshmet, shirt, boots, and the papakha, which was the symbol of the man's dignity and honor.

The Kumyks lived on flat land and accepted new things faster. Their ancestors are thought to be Mongol-Tatars who settled and united with local tribes. The Kumyk women wear a typical dress - the so called kabalai.

The next part of the exhibition is presented by the village of Balkhar, which is located in the Dargin region of Dagestan. The main handicraft is ceramics, both fired and painted. The male costume is similar to the Kumyk one. People wear national costumes at weddings.

The Laks. Women might wear up to 20 kg of silver. The metal was considered to be a protector of women.

The Nogays used to produce felt and then make carpets from it. Men did not wear a Circassian coat, but a beshmet.

The Tabasarans were famous as pile rug weavers. They were glad if a girl was born, as she could be another helper in the weaving. The male costume is similar to the Dagestani type, women had a dress, wide trousers and a hat-chukhta or headscarves.

 

Lada Ledeneva, Pyatigorsk. Especially for VK.

 

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