Gennady Burbulis: "Countries must combine efforts to resolve Karabakh conflict"
The 6th Global Baku Forum was in Baku with the support of the Azerbaijani State Committee for Work with the Diaspora and organization of the Nizami Ganjavi International Center. Many guests, including former presidents and heads of governments, well-known public and political figures who are the members of the Nizami Ganjavi International Center, participated in the forum. One of the participants is Gennady Burbulis, former Secretary of State of the RSFSR, who at one time participated in preparation of the Belovezhsky Agreement that formalized the collapse of the USSR. He signed it together with then-President Boris Yeltsin. He discussed the United Nations' role in solving world problems, the Karabakh conflict and about cooperation between Russia and Azerbaijan in an interview with Vestnik Kavkaza.
- Why do you think the 6th Global Forum is so important?
- Atmosphere of this forum, serious preparation for it, the fact that you can immerse yourself in a specific problem without losing sight of overall situation makes me enjoy it. Its intellectual and professional inspiration. During the meeting with Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev we spoke about cooperation between the Baku forum and the Baltic-Black Sea Forum. The latter was organized by 15 heads of states of the Baltic-Black Sea regions, who led their countries in different years. The beauty of our initiative is that it's like a council of elders, a council of wise men. We're people that take initiative, voluntarily and responsibly share responsibility for current situation. We conduct research, and our main task is to create prerequisites for timely and effective consensus. Now we will cooperate with the Baku forum.
- In your opinion, does the UN, which is an organization created to maintain and strengthen international peace and security, develop cooperation between states, need to reform right now?
- Of course. The need for reformation, transformation of the UN has already been voiced before. Today it's one of the priority tasks. Perhaps it's necessary to form an initiative committee that includes representatives of the UN countries so that they can discuss all existing problems and overcome inefficiency of the UN when it comes to key issues.
- The UN resolutions are not always observed. A great example of that are resolutions on Nagorno-Karabakh. What do you think about the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict settlement?
- This example demonstrates a lot of things. It's necessary to stop practice when the UN resolutions are not observed for many years, when there is no effective mechanism. It's necessary for these resolutions to be implemented. Each resolution should be implemented in time. Right now we need to monitor decisions of the UN, including decisions regarding frozen conflicts. It's necessary to understand individual specifics, unique reasons. We must overcome historical primitivism of political thinking, including in the UN structures, and start to learn from each, become wiser in order to prevent so many disasters and threats.
- What do you think about relations between Russia and Azerbaijan?
- I'm really glad that we appreciated and respected Azerbaijan as a partner during presidency of Boris Nikolaevich Yeltsin. Fortunately, today heavy wound of Nagorno-Karabakh has not escalated into confrontation. But, unfortunately, it prevents fruitful and meaningful development. At the same time, Presidents Putin and Aliyev have good relations; The Russian Federation and Azerbaijan cooperate in many areas - scientific, cultural, business. However, the Karabakh tragedy can't be forgotten. Countries must combine efforts to resolve this conflict.