Kyrgyz and Tajiks shot at each other on the eve of Victory Day
The situation on the Kyrgyz-Tajik border after the shootout on the eve of May 9 with a machine gun and mortar remains tense. The cause of the conflict was an unmarked plot of land. Bishkek and Dushanbe exchanged notes of protest. At the scene of the incident, Deputy Prime Minister of the Government of Kyrgyzstan Akram Madumarov and Chairman of the Border Service Ularbek Sharsheev.
Border guards of Tajikistan recognized the fact of mortar fire. At the same time, in a statement by the press center of the border troops of the State Committee for National Security (SCNS) of the Republic of Tajikistan (RT), it was noted that the Kyrgyz border guards were the first to open fire from machine guns and a machine gun at peaceful Tajiks.
The conflict occurred due to the fact that the citizens of Kyrgyzstan decided to plant 4 hectares of corn adjacent to the village of Chorkukh, Isfara district of Tajikistan. This is a controversial site, which, supposedly under regulatory legal acts, was soon to go under the jurisdiction of Tajikistan. According to the Tajik side, Kyrgyz citizens were warned about this and asked to get out. But residents of the neighboring Batken region of Kyrgyzstan ignored the demand of their neighbors. The word skirmish first grew into a battle with stoning, and then with the use of weapons. The first shot from a hunting rifle sounded from the Kyrgyz side.
Kyrgyz border guards hurried to the noise, who, according to the Tajik border service, "instead of resolving the conflict, supported the provocative actions of compatriots by firing from Kalashnikov machine guns and machine guns at the civilian population of Tajikistan." "After that, in order to defend themselves and protect civilians, Tajik border guards were forced to return fire. As a result of the shootout, two Tajik citizens received heavy gunshot wounds," the Tajik agency said.
According to the Kyrgyz side, the conflict began due to the use of 50 acres of land in the Chek Batken region. This site is unmarked, but was used by peasants of Kyrgyzstan from time immemorial. "Military personnel of the Border Guards National Security Committee of the Republic of Tatarstan opened mortar fire in the direction of Kyrgyz border guards. During the shootout, three military personnel and one local resident were injured," the State Border Service of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan (GPU KR) said.
On Victory Day, Tajik Ambassador Nazirmad Alizoda was called to the Kyrgyz Foreign Ministry. A Tajik diplomat was handed a note of protest "in connection with the targeted shelling of servicemen and citizens of Kyrgyzstan from machine guns with under-barrel grenade launchers, including from multiple mortar weapons, as a result of which three soldiers of the border service and one local resident of Kyrgyzstan received heavy gunshot wounds." “Concern was expressed over the obvious destructive and provocative actions of Tajik military personnel and citizens, leading to the destabilization of the situation on the Kyrgyz-Tajik state border,” the Kyrgyz Foreign Ministry said. “It is very unfortunate that these illegal actions of the Tajik side were committed on the eve of the great holiday and during the holy month of Ramadan, symbolizing the unity of peoples and the preservation of peace and tranquility. "
Bishkek assigns all responsibility for the aggravation of the situation in the border regions to the Tajik side and demands that urgent measures be taken to avoid further aggravation of the situation and the prosecution of those responsible.
The Tajik Foreign Ministry, in turn, called on the carpet after the neighboring state, Zhanysh Rustenbekov, who was also handed a note of protest "because of the provocative actions of citizens and military personnel of Kyrgyzstan that led to the armed conflict." "The ambassador was informed that the cause of the incident was a targeted shot from a firearm fired by a citizen of the Kyrgyz Republic, as well as the subsequent actions of the Kyrgyz border guards, which forced the Tajik border units to take retaliatory measures," the RT Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement.
After the incident, Kyrgyz Foreign Minister Chingiz Aidarbekov and his Tajik counterpart Sirojiddin Mukhriddin, during a telephone conversation, "noted the need to coordinate actions aimed at quickly resolving" the incident. The ministers agreed on the need "to conduct outreach to the local population in order to relieve tension in the border region" and agreed to keep in touch.
At the beginning of this year, it was decided to begin the process of the exchange of disputed territories. The created topographic groups of the two countries considered the possibility of exchanging equivalent territories between the Batken region (Kyrgyzstan) and the city of Isfara (Tajikistan) in the Samarkandek and Kok-Tash sections. The final version of the exchange must be submitted before March 1, 2020. But the plans were confused by the coronavirus. A state of emergency was introduced in Kyrgyzstan and all work was stopped.
The Kyrgyz military expert, Colonel Toktogul Kakchekeev, is convinced that the conflict is so complex that it cannot be resolved quickly. "The problem is that a river runs through the disputed section, where hydraulic structures are located that supply water to the Kyrgyz territory and then Tajik. This land has always been controversial - Tajikistan claims for it. Now this land has been included in the exchange plan. 29 years this question has not been was resolved, and it is unlikely that it will be resolved today, ”Kakchekeev told Vestnik Kavkaza. He recalled that the corridor of drug trafficking and smuggling of fuels and lubricants, which was formed during the civil war in Tajikistan with the stimulation of the West and Afghan political forces to enrich individual clans and spread radical Islam in the region, runs through this territory. “One of the goals of Dushanbe is to unite the Tajik enclave with the mainland. And in order to get out of the natural environment, the Tajiks took various methods - from domestic quarrels to interethnic conflicts. To stabilize the situation, meetings were held, documents of little significance were signed. A post was created in Kyrgyzstan for these purposes Deputy Prime Minister, who should deal with the solution of the border issue, but nothing good came of it, as one of the deputies of the Jogorku Kenesh, Deputy Prime Minister Janish Razakov said over four years of work even for four I didn’t delimit the border meters, but blood was shed more than once. Today this post is occupied by a native of these places, the former head of the Batken region, a graduate of the agricultural institute, veterinarian Akram Madumarov, "the expert noted.
According to him, in Kyrgyzstan graduates of agricultural institutes are now at a price, which practically reduce the territorial sovereignty of the country to almost zero. “Until the last border pillar is placed on the border of the designated state, the country has no territorial independence. Because there is a hole there. How can we say that Kyrgyzstan fully controls its borders?” - Kakchekeev wonders. The expert believes that since all the cartographic documents of the districts and oblasts are in the Russian Federation, and Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan are members of the Collective Security Treaty Organization, these issues should be resolved precisely with the participation of the Collective Security Treaty Organization.