The end of war. Results for Armenia and Azerbaijan
One of the long-term conflicts in the South Caucasus is entering the final stage of diplomatic settlement, which, incidentally, played a key role in the collapse of the Soviet Union, and in the post-Soviet period caused serious damage to both Armenia and Azerbaijan. So, it's time to ask the question - who lost and who won in the 44-day war, which became the last page of the 30-year confrontation?
The war ended for Armenia with the loss of the occupied territories, the occupation regime was left without the "Nagorno-Karabakh Republic", which he tried to present to the world community as an independent state. The military-political result of the war was the compulsory fulfillment of the obligations imposed on Armenia in the four well-known UN Security Council resolutions and in the Basic Principles presented by the OSCE Minsk Group.
The voluntary fulfillment of these obligations in accordance with international law could become an important step in the peaceful settlement of the conflict, which promised Armenia sustainable development prospects through economic cooperation with the countries of the region. However, the Armenian authorities chose a different path, plunging the people into the abyss of disasters. The leadership of Armenia has discredited itself in the eyes of the world community - footage of shelling of peaceful Azerbaijani cities, which were far from the combat zone, spread all over the world. War crimes and aggressive policies resulted in the isolation of Armenia at the international level. The attempts to influence the consequences undertaken by pro-Armenian France, Greece and Cyprus ended in failure. But the main blow for Yerevan was the neutral position of Russia, which did not justify the invaders' hopes for military support. The world Armenian lobby did not help either. The Armenian diaspora, which surpasses the Armenian state in influence and power in the international arena, was unable to provide practical assistance. The attempts of the Armenian lobby to support the unrecognized "NKR" by terrorist groups and information attacks were not crowned with success for him. The national idea, which arose about 200 years after the resettlement of Armenians to the South Caucasus, suffered a fiasco. However, it is difficult to imagine a different result of groundless mythical ideas about "Great Armenia from sea to sea".
Contradictions in the Armenian society have become noticeably aggravated today. While the fighting was going on in Karabakh, the Armenians criticized their government, demanding to end the war at any cost and prevent senseless deaths. But when the Armenian leadership signed a corresponding agreement, the Armenians began to demand the continuation of the war. For several days now, protest actions have been held in Yerevan to denounce the peace agreement.
The results of the 44-day war have fragmented public opinion in Armenia. Now it will take a lot of time and effort to unite the Armenian society around any national idea.
Moreover, the Armenian society is not homogeneous. In this regard, the point of view of Gayane Ayvazyan, an employee of the Institute of Ancient Manuscripts Matenadaran, published on the website haqqin.az: "The hostilities in April 2016 marked the end of the status quo. Delaying the solution of the issue, the authorities tried to deceive the international community, the Minsk Group and Azerbaijan .. . they refused to solve the problem, calling the occupation of a part of the Azerbaijani lands a national liberation war. " According to Ayvazyan, as a result, the Armenians lost the privileges previously granted to Nagorno-Karabakh: "Maximalism, hatred, arrogance and intransigence did not justify themselves and led to tragic consequences ... It will not be easy to break out of a century neighbors, which is in the interests of the citizens of Armenia. "
In a word, some representatives of the Armenian society recognize the true universal human values, which gives hope for an increase in the number of conscientious citizens, gradually taking their rightful place in civil society.
Azerbaijan won a victory. The military way of resolving the conflict turned out to be inevitable, since the occupying regime did not want a peaceful outcome, refusing to fulfill international obligations. Azerbaijan forced the neighboring state to conclude peace, liberating its territories from occupation. Now about a million refugees displaced from the occupied territories will have the long-awaited opportunity to return to their native lands and start a new life there.
Victory in the war will be accompanied by serious social and economic shifts. Indeed, thousands of square meters will return to Azerbaijan. km of territories torn away and plundered for three decades. Comprehensive plans for rebuilding the economy of the liberated lands will return them to economic activity. The restoration and rational use of natural resources of the de-occupied cities and regions of the country, including numerous deposits of minerals and vast water resources, will open new horizons for further accelerating the economic and social development of Azerbaijan.
The Azerbaijani army won a historic victory, showing the whole world a high combat capability and unshakable morale. The war also brought to the world the latest advances in the military industry. For the first time in the 21st century, an army equipped with the latest military technology conducted unprecedented high-tech combat operations. The Azerbaijani army has created the world's first model based on new technologies for planning, conducting and completing military operations.
According to military analysts from different countries, individual episodes of these battles amazed even the most sophisticated connoisseurs of military science. Some operations will appear on the pages of military textbooks and will be studied by specialized schools in all countries, from the United States to Japan.
The war demonstrated the will of the Azerbaijani people, their ability to rally around the national idea. The state - people - army union reached its peak. Azerbaijani-Turkish cooperation has been further strengthened.
The successes of Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev in international politics were enriched by a brilliant military victory. The war of liberation, along with the diplomatic skills of Ilham Aliyev, demonstrated his leadership qualities to the world and increased the international prestige of Azerbaijan.
But the joy of victory overshadows the bitterness of loss. Hundreds of Azerbaijani soldiers gave their lives for the freedom of their homeland. The victory was not easy. The victims of the Armenian terror were civilians in the Terter, Agdam, Fizuli and Barda regions of the front line, as well as in Ganja, which is far from the front line. The memory of those who gave their lives for the freedom of the Motherland will always live in the hearts of the Azerbaijani people.