Iran and Israel: the nuclear factor of relations – 1
Ksenia Fomina exclusively to Vestnik Kavkaza
The former CIA agent Edward Snowden, who is still in the transit area of Sheremetyevo international airport, told the German publication Der Spiegel that the computer virus Stuxnet which attacked the nuclear centrifuges of Iran was created and launched by Israel together with the National Security Agency of the USA. Stuxnet was the first computer virus which damaged physical facilities. It is thought that the cyber-attack on the Iranian uranium enrichment plant held up development of the nuclear program of Tehran.
Israel believes that the nuclear threat is the most dangerous among all the threats coming from Iran. That’s why the Israeli authorities attentively follow the development of the situation over the Iranian nuclear program. This is confirmed by the content of mass media reports in the country. Information on implementation of the Iranian nuclear program is permanently in the headlines of Israeli papers, on radio, and TV. There are several reasons for this, but the main one is that after the victory of the Islamic revolution in Iran, relations between the countries began to worsen.
When in 1992 Iran and Russia signed the treaty on completion of the construction of the atomic power plant in Bushehr, which was stopped after the Islamic revolution, for the first time Israel suspected Tehran of trying to achieve modern nuclear technologies in order to create a nuclear bomb. The concerns were supported by statements of Ayatollah Khomeini that his country intended to have “an Islamic nuclear bomb” which would help him to improve the position of Iran in the Middle East region.
In the mid-1990s Israel initiated an international campaign which stated that Iran was implementing a program to create a nuclear bomb and threatened Israel directly, which was dangerous for Israel’s existence, and that’s why the program must be stopped. The position was supported by the USA, which achieved monitoring of the Iranian nuclear project through the UN and the IAEA.
When the conservative president Mahmud Ahmadinejad came to office in 2005, the policy of Iran radicalized and the Islamic state toughened its anti-Israeli statements and took a stricter position on the nuclear program.
So Israel followed the completion of the construction of the power plant in Bushehr in this context. There were many tricks aimed at deceiving the West, the regional states, the IAEA, and Israel in the 15-year history of the Russian-Iranian cooperation on “construction completion of the nuclear power plant in Bushehr.” Russia has many times stated that the contract for the Bushehr power plant is beneficial for it from the economic point of view. It is true that for the Russian economy in the early 1990s $800 million for the first line and later $2.2 billion for the second line of the atomic power plant were huge sums. However, implementation of the Bushehr project created many troubles for Russia. Moscow had to persuade everybody, including itself, that Iranian nuclear power was peaceful.
To be continued