Iran and Israel: the nuclear factor of relations – 2
Ksenia Fomina exclusively to Vestnik Kavkaza
Part 1 http://vestnikkavkaza.net/analysis/politics/42550.html
The U.S.A. and Israel agree that Iran shouldn’t get nuclear weapons, according to US President Barack Obama. who said this at his meeting with the Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu. Washington intends to deal with negotiations with Iran soberly. “Iran should prove its sincerity by deeds, not by words,” the U.S. President said.
Netanyahu addressed Obama to maintain sanctions against Iran and to achieve the shut down of the Iranian nuclear program. According to Netanyahu, Iran still stands for the idea of destroying Israel.
The development of nuclear energy in Iran gained a second breath at the turn of the 21st century. Along with construction of the atomic power station in Busher, it appeared that Iran conducted numerous nuclear studies secretly for several years, which was admitted by Iranian officials. However, according to their statements, first of all, violations of obligations on the NPT by Iran were “local” and “deserved no serious attention”, secondly, they were conducted secretly from the international society because of a possible reaction, especially in the context of the American invasion to Iraq.
In November 2003 Iran began to speak openly about possibility of plutonium production. The president of Iran Hatami stated that it concerned grams or even milligrams, but the establishment of production by Hatami enabled providing the nuclear industry with greater amounts of plutonium. Ali Akbar Salehi noted that plutonium produced in Iran used medicinally and had nothing in common with nuclear armament.
The same arguments were presented on production of enriched uranium in the country. In February 2002 Hatami had to make a statement that a big uranium field was “surprisingly” found in the country. At the same time, it was stated that Iran was ready for industrial enrichment of the explored uranium at already built enterprises, which excluded the possibility of “surprising” exploration of the field. In November 2003 in Vienna the IAEA Executive Council estimated Iran’s behavior as violation of international commitments on the NPT, but didn’t answer the question whether exploration of uranium fields was a step toward the nuclear weapon or aims were absolutely peaceful. The same year the U.S.A. expressed its doubts that the IAEA was able to stop development of the Iranian nuclear project. Meanwhile, Iran initiated a propaganda campaign: the leaders of the country permanently discussed achievements of Iran in the sphere of nuclear technologies as a mark of a general progress in the country’s development.
The next few years were marked by new inspections of the IAEA which ended with reports by the Director General. Their essence could be narrowed down to the fact that the inspections couldn’t prove violation of Iranian commitments on the NPT, even though the opposite thing wasn’t confirmed as well. In 2007 the Iranian issue was discussed heavily, after appointment of Said Jalili, a close supporter of Mahmud Ahmadinejad, to the position of the secretary of the Supreme Council of National Security of Iran. In this context the U.S. stiffened sanctions against Iran in 2007. It caused a heavy response – the Iranian officials made it clear that sanctions were not a measure which could make Iran cancel its nuclear program.
The next IAEA report on Iran, which urged a halt to nuclear development, was presented in February 2008. However, the Iranian mass media interpreted the report in a different way: they tried to prove that tension over implementation of the program was eliminated and the crisis was over. At the same time, they ignored serious ambiguities in the Iranian nuclear history in the report, which enabled the U.S. and Israel to state that the document justifies launching new sanctions against Iran.
By the end of 2008 it was clear that Iran didn’t exclude the possibility of military action by the West against its nuclear facilities. In the mid of September Iran conducted IRGC and regular army war games which involved half of the country’s territory. The Iranian mass media published direct threats toward the U.S. and Israel by the Iranian leadership. However, the resolution of the UN Security Council of September 27, 2008, showed that the international society avoided strict measures against Iran.
On April 9, 2009, Ahmadinejad stated that his country achieved the whole cycle of nuclear fuel production and could be officially recognized as a nuclear country. The nuclear program of Iran was developing, despite the Western attempts to hold it, and causing concerns of Israel, one of results of them was the yesterday meeting between Obama and Netanyahu.