Forces and means of war in Syria
Over the weekend, the heads of the foreign ministries of Russia, the United States, seven countries of the Middle East - Iran, Turkey, Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Qatar - and the special envoy of the UN Secretary General on Syria, Staffan de Mistura, did not conclude the concrete agreements on Syria at a meeting in Lausanne.
A member of the Russian Academy of Missile and Artillery Sciences, Constantine Sivkov, tells why the results can’t be achieved in a resumption of the truce, and especially in the beginning of a political settlement: ‘’An essence of the global contradictions is that the United States and Western civilization as a whole have begun to lose the world domination, first of all in the economic sphere. The countries of Southeast Asia, China, and India to some extent, are coming to the fore. To oppress them, It was necessary to close an access to the energy resources and to take control of the Middle East and North Africa. After a provocation of September 11th 2001, the United States solely began establishing the military control over these resources, starting with Afghanistan and Iraq. They suffered a military defeat in the both countries, due to the fact that the US military could not solve a key problem of establishing control over the conquered territories. The only one option remained to solve this problem - to proceed to use of a soft power, bringing the NATO partners to the fore.’’
That is why, according to Sivkov, the operation ‘Arab Spring’ was instigated, which also failed due to a loss of control: "In all the countries, where the ‘Arab Spring’ was introduced, the patriotic national forces returned to power, as in Egypt, or the radical Islamists came, who began to pursue a course in the interests of Saudi Arabia and Qatar. The elites of these countries decided to use a situation in order to rely on the military might of the US to realize their interests in the region. Saudi Arabia and Qatar are interested in taking Syria for the economic reasons, since this will allow them to use a pipeline for a transit of the Qatari gas to Europe. The US is interested in this transit to ‘knock out’ Russia and its gas from Europe.’’
According to the military expert, as for Russian position, it is interested in implementation of these projects. and at the same time it is trying to prevent a formation of the powerful radical movement, which will pose a serious threat to the Russian Federation.’’The interests are purely of an antagonistic character, and this determines severity of the conflict, Sivkov said.
Speaking about the forces and means of this struggle, the expert said: ’’There are legal, government forces and the Russian Aerospace Forces, operating on the Russian and Syrian side. Also about 12 thousand fighters of the Revolutionary Guards of Iran and 4-5 thousand of Hezbollah fighters are legally in the country, invited by the Syrian government.
On the opposite side the main striking force are the radical Islamist organizations, poorly controlled by the United States and no longer having an image of the liberator fighters. They have already acquired a status of terrorists, so it is virtually impossible to provide them with a political cover. This explains a ‘twitched’ behavior of the United States, which on the one hand talks about a need to combat terrorism, and on the other hand does its best to cover them. Therefore, the conflict will escalate. The US will openly proceed to cover up their fighters, as far as exactly Jabhat al-Nusra, Daesh and other structures are their main tools in the implementation of the geopolitics in this region. Russia will proceed openly to the physical protection of the Syrian troops, because all the aircrafts missiles and means of air attack, attacking the Syrian troops, pose a threat to Russia, and this means they will be destroyed by the Russian air defense missile systems and fighter aviation. In addition, Syria is provided with a sufficient number of other modern means of defense against the air strikes.