Pavel Florensky and the Caucasus. 139th anniversary of the Russian Leonardo
On January 9, 1882, in the town of Yevlakh (Azerbaijan), Pavel Florensky was born, who would later be called by his contemporaries "Pascal of our time" or "Russian Leonardo da Vinci". His interests included not only philosophy and theology, but also mathematics, engineering, philology, history, poetry ...
Everyone knows Father Pavel as a religious thinker, but not everyone remembers that first he graduated from the Physics and Mathematics of Moscow University, and only then from the Moscow Theological Academy, becoming a master of theology, professor of philosophy, professor of painting. At the same time, he worked as a mathematician, physicist, electronic engineer, astronomer, chemist, participated in the work on the GOELRO plan, edited the "Technical Encyclopedia", wrote the books "Imaginations in Geometry", "Dielectrics and Their Technical Application". Moreover, Florensky did not stop his research activities even in exile: in Siberia he worked at a permafrost station, in Solovki he created a plant for the production of iodine and agar-agar ...
Florensky's biographers are still asking how he managed to combine the priesthood, adopted in 1911, with physics, mathematics, engineering, atomic energy, while paying great attention to raising each of his five children.
Perhaps part of Florensky's genius comes from the mixing of blood. On the paternal side, he was Russian, and on the maternal side, he descended from the ancient Caucasian Albanians who inhabited Karabakh. About his mother in the book "To my children. Memories of past years", Florensky then writes: "Her real name is Salome (Salome). But then it was customary to replace the Armenian names with equivalent or supposedly equivalent Russian names. And so she turned out to be Olga, and so firmly that decisively none of her acquaintances suspected her real name, and even she herself probably remembered this only when she was deliberately reminded of that. She was born on March 25, 1859 in the city of Signagh. Her father's name was Pavel Gerasimovich Satarov, and mother - Sofia Grigorievna Paatova ".
Their clan belonged to "a heterogeneous and ethnically ill-mixed mass of inhabitants of Armenia, to the branch that is called" Albania "by the Armenians themselves." As Florensky himself found out, "this is an offshoot of the most ancient inhabitants of the Mediterranean basin, the so-called Mediterranean race. As an ethnic bedding, this race lay in pre-Homeric Greece. In a purer form, its remnants were given by the most ancient tribes of the Lydians and Phrygians. Deeper to the northeast, they are part mixed with the surrounding Ararat population, some of them were preserved here as ethnic nodules.One of these nodules survived until the early Middle Ages near the shores of Lake Gokchi, and around that time, pressed by some kind of invasion, advanced even further north, into the present Elisavetpol province. There were formed five independent regions , or meliks, who later fell into vassal dependence of Persia, then Turkey. Several clans that came out from here and partly settled in Georgia and descended from the ruling houses of these regions, remembered and remembers something special in their past, although in most cases they do not know how to express their clan memory articulate in my words. "
"The motives of ancestral pride have long been forgotten, but the very feeling of superiority has not disappeared from that ... These births have long entered into marriages only in their own circle, and tuberculosis, devastating them, is probably retribution for this exclusivity. In the circle of these few family names, related among themselves by origin and related by the most diverse properties, the family of Melik-Beglyarovs also belonged, which was closely related to the Satarovs through my eldest aunt Elizaveta Pavlovna and some other marriages. Meliks, that is, kings, "says Florensky.
Also, in his comments on generational paintings (documents in which information about ancestors is presented in the form of a list divided into generations), Florensky will write: "The Karabakh Armenians are actually not Armenians, but a special tribe, Udins, related, perhaps, to Lezgins; in ancient times they were called Albanians, and the Armenians called them Akhavane. " But this is already, as the researchers write, about the Melik-Beglyarovs, from them (in the 16th century) the Saparovs descended, and they were in property with them through Olga Pavlovna's sister - Elizaveta Pavlovna, the wife of Sergei Teimurazovich Melik-Beglyarov (his mother was a "stolen Persian - Genjin khansha ").
Nevertheless, Florensky paid more attention to the Armenians, and his forecasts are of considerable interest: “The Armenians have a patriarchal principle and a convulsive grasping at the foundations of their nationality, which are clearly leaking out. My personal conviction: this nation is not only historically desperate, but it will also be the task of dissolving in other peoples, bringing here the enzyme of the ancient and from the fortress already unproductive in the pure form of its blood. But the instinct of the Armenians themselves, naturally, fights against fate, and in significant genera this struggle is especially painful. "