Russia Creates 17k Doses of COVID Vaccines for Animals as Other Countries Show Interest
Russia has produced the first round of COVID-19 vaccines for animals, and other countries have already expressed interest in the doses, too. "About 20 organizations are ready to negotiate registration and supply of the vaccine to their countries," the Kremlin's agricultural regulator, Rosselkhoznadzor, said on Friday, Newsweek reports.
The first 17,000 doses of the animal vaccine are ready and companies from Germany, Greece, Poland, Austria, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Malaysia, Thailand, South Korea, Lebanon, Iran and Argentina have voiced interest in accessing the shots, Reuters reported. The first batch will be distributed to several regions only in Russia, but the Kremlin is ready to start shipping the shots abroad.
"The file for registration abroad, in particular in the European Union, is under preparation and will be promptly used for the registration process," Rosselkhoznadzor said.The first batch comes after the agricultural agency announced in March that mass production of the vaccine, known as Carnivac-Cov, would begin after it successfully produced antibodies against COVID-19 in dogs, cats, foxes and mink. The animals showed a significant immune response to the virus since vaccine trials began last October."The results of the trials allow us to conclude that the vaccine is safe and highly immunogenic as all the vaccinated animals developed antibodies to the coronavirus," Konstantin Savenkov, Rosselkhoznadzor's deputy head, said in a statement in March.
Global health regulators have voiced concern about the risk of COVID-19 transmission between humans and animals. The World Health Organization (WHO) announced in March the most likely origin of COVID-19 was transmission of the virus from bats to humans, according to the Associated Press.
"SARS-CoV-2 spreads primarily through human-to-human transmission, but there is evidence of transmission between humans and animals," a WHO spokesperson wrote to Newsweek. "Several animals like mink, dogs, domestic cats, lions, tigers and raccoon dogs have tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 after contact with infected humans. There have been reports of large animal outbreaks in mink farms in several countries."
The spokesperson added the WHO is working with other organizations, including the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Organization for Animal Health, to evaluate potential transitions between humans and animals.Alexander Gintsburg, leader of the institute that developed Russia's Sputnik V human COVID-19 vaccine, said in March that farm and domestic animals would be the next frontier of defense when it comes to the virus.
"The use of the vaccine, according to Russian researchers, can prevent the development of viral mutations, which most often occur during interspecies transmission of the agent," Rosselkhoznadzor said back in March.