All Caspian countries underestimate the biological potential of the Caspian Sea
By Vestnik Kavkaza
Another summit of the Caspian countries will be held in Astana in 2015. The sides plan to sign the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea at the summit. In early March, Khalaf Khalafov, the deputy Foreign Minister of Azerbaijan, expressed hope at the 39th session of the special working group on determination of the legal status of the Caspian Sea in Baku that the Caspian countries would manage to finish the process completely. There are grounds for this.
Sergei Markov, a political scientist, a member of the Public Chamber of Russia, states that today the positions of Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Russia are close: “They agree on one and the same model of dividing the Caspian Sea, including the fact that the sea can be divided by sectors, but a common space in the center of the Caspian should remain, and it should be used jointly. The sides also share the view that there should be no non-Caspian military forces in the sea.”
Recently, UNESCO has decided to establish a department on studying the biological verity of the littoral ecosystems, landscape verity, development of methods of measuring and estimating the stability of geosystems, structural and functional organization and stability of land and underwater ecosystems, development and protection of natural resources and natural heritage, environmental education in favor of the world’s interests at Dagestani State University. 32 scientific and educational organizations from six states will be partners of the department.
According to Markov, “all the Caspian countries underestimate the biological potential of the Caspian Sea. At the moment, private medium-sized and small semi-criminal business is robbing the biological potential. The problem could be solved by establishing a united Caspian transnational corporation on exploitation of the resources of the Caspian Sea. It would take the biological resources and reproduce them simultaneously. However, who will reproduce them without guarantees that expenditures will be paid off? That’s why they are robbed by small semi-criminal business. Gaining revenues and reproduction of biological resources should be united. Considering the fact that prices for bio resources are growing, while oil prices are falling, if bio resources are developed normally, then the revenues of the Caspian countries from exploitation of bio resources will be similar to oil and gas revenues in the future.”