By Vestnik Kavkaza
Crimes in the family and the domestic sphere have risen to the levels of a socially dangerous phenomenon in many countries. This not only destroys family relationships, but also threatens the safety of the public.
“Children run away from home, women who find themselves in a situation of violence on the part of their relatives commit suicide. The elderly who are humiliated by family members die,” Tatiana Moskalkova, MP, says. “Unfortunately, the bill has not been able to come to the State Duma. Today, many public organizations have raised the theme of creating refuges for these women and children at the expense of volunteers and sponsors. But it is a federal issue, and, of course, if we raise its status to the state level, it will require different approaches.”
“In Russia, unfortunately, the urgency and gravity of the problem today is increasingly concerning the deputies and our society, because the statistics are worsening,” Evdokia Bychkova, MP, states. “If in 2011 12,000 women were killed, in 2012, this figure is 14,000. More than 2.5 million children are exposed to domestic violence. More than 500 teenagers commit suicide. More than 50,000 teenagers run away from home because of domestic violence. The MSU had a very interesting study on this issue, the sample was about 3000 people. In our society there is an ambivalent attitude to the problem. 50% of women and 80% of men believe that the problem is in a woman herself, her misconduct, provoking men to such acts. At the same time, 80% of Russian women have been subjected to domestic violence at least once in the moral or physical sense. O these, 30% said they were beaten by their husbands. Only after 9-10 times does a woman go to the police. Unfortunately, some women do not survive after the 11th instance.”
In Azerbaijan, in terms of legislative support, the situation is much better than in Russia. On December 22, 2006, at a special session of the Parliament we made a special appeal, which expressed support for the campaign by the Council of Europe. “The parliament was mostly male at that time: there were only 12 women and 112 men,” Elmira Akhundova, Azerbaijani MP, says. “The law was repeatedly reworked, returned to the appropriate committees, etc. But on June 22, 2010, it was passed and then signed by the president; that was the Law "On Prevention of Domestic Violence". It is planned in the coming year to open more such centers for social rehabilitation in Baku, Ganja, Sumgait and other major cities. In addition, amendments to several laws of Azerbaijan, including the Penal Code, are being made, relating to such specific phenomena as early marriages - at the age of 15-16 years. The age of marriage was raised from 17 to 18 years. Now girls can marry only after reaching adulthood. The amendments to the law, even to the Criminal Code were adopted on toughening penalties for forced marriage, even up to the punishment of imprisonment of up to two years. Our clergy simply do not have the right to register, according to Muslim custom, according to Sharia law, marriages without a certificate from the registry offices, which it is not possible to get if the bride has not reached a certain age.
Speaking about the causes of domestic violence in Azerbaijan, Akhundova said: “Like in the whole world there is a layer of young people who commit domestic violence. Let's take the Soviet times: they were in the Komsomol, they were in the party, there was some kind of control, parasitism was forbidden by law.
First of all, young people mostly in the regions are now left on their own. There are youth organizations, but they exist mainly in the major cities, they attract students, but do not reach the rural hinterland.
Secondly, there is a falsely understood concept of honour: many become "slaves of honour," because they go to these crimes, protecting the Sharia, Islamic law of honour. For example, a man can kill his sister for what he find worthy, we have recently heard about such an event occurring in St. Petersburg. Many of our young people have become believers, neophytes, and any neophyte wants to be holier than the Pope.
Thirdly, many young people in Azerbaijan were in the war, fought in Karabakh, saw a lot of blood and violence. We have a lot of victims of military violence in Azerbaijan, we have children who have lost parents and sometimes their entire family. So many families live in very difficult conditions of life, seven regions are under occupation, and, of course, this is also unsettled, and this affects the issue we are talking about.”