Turkey votes in favor of power upgrade
The Turkish nation’s opinion is above everything else, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said, commenting on the results of the parliamentary elections held yesterday. Turkey's ruling Justice and Development Party has won 40.8% of the vote and lost its single-party majority. The leftist Republican People's Party (CHP) gathered 25.2%, the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) – 16.5% and the Democratic People's Party (HDP) – 12.9% of the vote.
"I am sure the results, which do not give the opportunity to any party to form a single-party government, will be assessed healthily and realistically by every party." The political parties must "work towards preserving an environment of confidence and stability in the country," Erdogan urged.
Turkish experts told Vestnik Kavkaza how the situation in Turkey has changed in connection with the ruling party's loss of a majority in parliament and the election to it of the HDP, which is known for its Kurdish orientation, as well as how it will affect foreign policy and the relations of Ankara with partners and neighbors in the region.
According to political analyst Burhan Özkoşar, "everyone thought that the Justice and Development Party will just win the most votes and everything will be as usual. But Turkish citizens presented their president with a surprise. In fact, these elections are a defeat under Erdogan, who sought to transform Turkey from a parliamentary to a presidential republic in recent years," the expert believes.
Özkoşar explained that, in fact, the current form of management of the Turkish state is in conflict with Erdogan's manner of management, and these parliamentary elections have shown that the incumbent president cannot continue to stay in such a regime of power. He also said that the pro-Kurdish Democratic People's Party, which surpassed the 10% threshold, is another part of the surprise.
According to Özkoşar, Turkey's relations with Russia will not change after these elections, but its strengthening in the long term will be put to the test by Europe. Also, Burhan Özkoşar added that we should not expect anything radical in relation to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict from the new parliament and the new government.
The Editor-in-Chief of Hurriyet Daily News, Murat Yetkin, in his turn, admitted that he did not expect such a significant loss of votes from the Justice and Development Party. "A certain drop in popularity was predictable, but not so significant. The Turkish voters have chosen a parliamentary republic, urging the authorities to compromise with the opposition. Of course, the formation of a coalition government will significantly affect the foreign policy pursued by Ankara, especially the Syrian problem," Yetkin said.
However, in his opinion we should not expect any disruption in Russian-Turkish relations, "but we cannot deny the fact that economic ties, particularly associated with the supply of gas and nuclear energy, may be subject to revision." Murat Yetkin said that Azerbaijani-Turkish relations will not be affected by the upgrade of power in Turkey, and "Ankara has not become a major player in the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, so it is much more dependent on Moscow and its possible impact on Yerevan."