Russia helps the Copts

The number of Christians in the Arab world before the events of the "Arab spring" was about 15 million. They belong to the 28 Christian denominations, which can be roughly divided into three groups: the Eastern Christian, Uniate (Eastern Catholic) and Western Christian.


Eastern Christian churches are of local origin, preserving their independence. These include the Coptic Church, the Antiochian Orthodox Church, the Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, the Syrian Orthodox Church (Syro-Orthodox, or Syro-Jacobite), the Armenian Apostolic Holy Church, the Nestorians and others. The adherents of the Eastern churches are living mostly in Egypt, Syria and Lebanon.


Uniates (Eastern Catholics) are in faith-based organizations, where participants at different times separated from the Eastern Christian churches, and entered a union with the Roman Catholic Church. These include: the Maronite Church, the Greek-Catholic, Chaldean, Syriac Catholics, Armenian Catholics, etc. The largest Uniate communities live in Lebanon, Iraq, Syria, Jordan and the Palestinian territories.


The Western Christian churches are Christian churches and religious organizations of Western European and North American origin of two directions - Roman Catholic and Protestant. Large communities of these branches of Christianity live in Lebanon and Kuwait.


Egypt, Syria and Lebanon are home to nearly three-quarters of the Arab Christian population.


Currently, there is a disturbing tendency for the size of the Christian population in the Arab countries to reduce. This has increased markedly with the political changes going on in the region. As a rule, all the revolutions in the Arab world have led to a wave of violence against Christians and their forced exile. Christians, in practice, often serve as a bargaining chip in relations between the secularists and the Islamist regimes.